The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)’s Scaling Up Renewable Energy (SURE) project helps developing countries implement clean energy solutions efficiently and effectively. Through SURE, USAID is promoting private sector engagement to produce affordable renewable electricity.


SURE collaborates with governments to develop competitive systems and transparent policies for power procurement and strengthens institutions by building technical capacity to integrate renewable energy into the grid. SURE enhances global energy security, unlocks markets, and empowers partner countries to be more self-reliant by controlling their own economic and social development. Tetra Tech is USAID’s implementing partner for SURE program.

In Bangladesh, USAID’s SURE project works on the following three thematic areas:

    Integrated resource planning for the Bangladeshi electricity and gas sectors
    Grid integration for increased uptake of variable renewable energy and regional electricity trade, and
    Feasibility study of energy procurement and auctions

 During 2020 and early 2021, SURE will produce practical resources and deliver workshops to support renewable energy development.

 SURE team has developed a white paper on “Challenges in Development of Variable Renewable Energy in Bangladesh” that analyses the challenges in detail and explores possible solutions based on local context and international experience. As a key stakeholder in energy sector, your inputs have provided valuable insights for the paper. The white paper is attached above for your reference and is also available on USAID’s Development Experience Clearinghouse website at

https://dec.usaid.gov/dec/content/Detail.aspx?vID=47&ctID=ODVhZjk4NWQtM2YyMi00YjRmLTkxNjktZTcxMjM2NDBmY2Uy&rID=NTY0NDQ0 .

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"সোলার ইরিগেশন পাম্পের গ্রিড ইন্টিগ্রেশন নির্দেশিকা-২০২০" প্রকাশিত। নির্দেশিকাটির কপি ডাউনলোড করতে ভিজিট করুন  https://solar.sreda.gov.bd/  অথবা www.sreda.gov.bd ওয়েব ঠিকানায়। সরাসরি ডাউনলোড করতে নিম্নোক্ত লিংক এ ক্লিক করুন:


Circular letter on the Guideline: 





In 1206, Al-Jazari gave the world a catalog of his “matchless machines,” which is known today as The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices. Al-Jazari included meticulous diagrams and colorful illustrations to show how all the pieces fit together. Several incomplete copies of his work have survived, including one held by the Topkapi Sarayi Museum in Istanbul, Turkey, prized for its artistic detail and beauty.

The machines in Al-Jazari’s book were both practical and playful, from clocks to automaton vessels dispensing drinks. He designed bloodletting devices, fountains, musical automatons; water-raising machines; and machines for measuring.

One fantastical contraptions is regarded to be the first programmable “robot” in history. Much like a music box, this invention, a boat with four “musicians”—a harpist, a flautist, and two drummers— was designed to play songs to entertain. The mechanisms animating the drummers could be programmed to play different beats.
His water supply system using gears and hydraulic energy, which was used in the mosques and hospitals of Diyarbakir and Damascus, in some cases, systems modeled on his design remained in use until recent times.

Most of his innovations were centuries ahead of the achievements of European science. His work on conical valves—a key component in hydraulic engineering—was first mentioned in Europe more than two centuries later by Leonardo da Vinci, who was also reportedly fascinated by al-Jazari’s automatons.
Engineer and technology historian Donald R. Hill, author of a landmark 1974 translation of The Book of Knowledge, said the importance of al-Jazari’s work “is impossible to over-emphasize.” as the father of robotics. It might be more accurate to describe Leonardo as the “al-Jazari of the West.”
Al-Jazari died in 1206, the year that he presented the sultan with his Book of Knowledge.




Why Coal Lost—and Can It Recover?