Sufia Ahmed, daughter of Justice Mohammad Ibrahim and Lutfunnesa Begum, was born in the Faridpur District in 20 November 1932 AD. Her father also served as former vice-chancellor of the University of Dhaka. She was a student of Brojomohun College in Barisal. In 1950, she got admitted to the University of Dhaka (DU). She was one of the female forerunners to break section 144 and deny the curfew in DU Campus on February 21, 1952. She earned her Ph.D. degree in 1960 in London.
Sufia Ahmed joined as a faculty member at the Department of Islamic History and Culture of the University of Dhaka in 1961. She was a visiting professor of Bosphorus University in Istanbul and Alverno College in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Sufia Ahmed served as a member of board of the directors of Bangladesh Bank. She was the president of Bangladesh Itihas Parishad.
On July 18, 2004, Sufia Ahmed established a trust fund titled "Barrister Syed Ishtiaq Ahmed Memorial Foundation" at the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
Justice Syed Refaat Ahmed and Tasneem Raina Fateh, the two worthy children of Sufia Ahmed, established a trust fund titled "National Professor Dr. Sufia Ahmed Memorial Foundation" on November 20, 2020 at the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.And a